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    EUR 75,000,000
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    € 75,000,000
    Belgium : € 75,000,000
    Industry : € 75,000,000
    Signature date(s)
    15/05/2020 : € 75,000,000
    Link to source
    Data sheet

    Summary sheet

    Release date
    11 January 2018
    Signed | 15/05/2020
    Project name
    Promoter - financial intermediary
    Proposed EIB finance (Approximate amount)
    Total cost (Approximate amount)
    EUR 75 million
    EUR 154 million

    First of its kind demonstration plant for the production of advanced bio-ethanol through an innovative gas-fermentation process using exhaust gases emitted by a steel mill.

    The project aims to demonstrate the commercial viability of such bio-ethanol production to improve the sustainability of the European steel manufacturing industry and its profitability, by valorising steel process off-gases.

    Environmental aspects

    The project will be implemented within the perimeter of fully authorised existing facilities. According to the competent authority, an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is not required. The project has been screened out according to Annex II of the EIA Directive 2014/52/EU amending the Directive 2011/92/EU. The Bank's services will assess the environmental and climate relevant details during project appraisal.

    The Bank will require the promoter to ensure that implementation of the project will be done in accordance with the Bank's Guide to Procurement.

    Link to source
    Summary sheet


    Before financing approval by the Board of Directors, and before loan signature, projects are under appraisal and negotiation. The information and data provided on this page are therefore indicative.
    They are provided for transparency purposes only and cannot be considered to represent official EIB policy (see also the Explanatory notes).


    Environmental and Social Data Sheet (ESDS) - STEELANOL (EDP)
    Publication Date
    18 May 2019
    Document language
    Main Topic
    Document Number
    Document Focus
    Environmental Information
    Project Number
    Publicly available
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    News & Stories

    Inside the project

    How and Why

    Reducing CO2 emissions and promoting a circular economy


    • Steel-making is a high-emissions industry. We need steel, but we don’t need the emissions. We need to make steel sustainable
    • Energy efficiency in industrial processes can make a big dent in global emissions
    • An innovation with global implications developed in Europe. We back European innovators


    • This is a first-of-its kind industrial scale demonstration of ground-breaking new technology that will help reduce CO2 emissions in steel production and promote a circular economy
    • The technology supported by the project will reduce the steelmaker’s CO2 emissions in Belgium and then at other sites in Europe and around the world
    • The project involves converting waste wood into a coal substitute that will be used in the steel plant along with waste CO2 to produce bio-ethanol


    Lower emissions and a source of cleaner fuel

    • Cuts the CO2 emitted by the steel plant by an amount equivalent to 250,000 cars driven for a year
    • Produces up to 80 million litres of recycled carbon ethanol a year
    • Creates up to 500 construction jobs over two years and 20-30 new permanent jobs


    Amount of equivalent cars driven a year

    Cuts of CO2 emitted by the steel plant

    Play video




    Big steelmaker ArcelorMittal uses an innovative steel decarbonisation technology that saves CO2 emissions–and turns them into useful biofuel


    Target reduction

    Of carbon emissions by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2050.

    It contributes to the circular economy and generates green ethanol, which can be used as fuel or feedstock in multiple chemical processes.
    Senso Figaredo Pire

    Senior loan officer, European Investment Bank

    Energy-intensive industries cause roughly 15% of worldwide CO2 emissions. The world’s largest steel manufacturer will deploy a pioneering technology to make its production greener and contribute to the circular carbon economy.

    A blast furnace uses coal to chemically reduce iron ore into iron, which is then further processed into steel. It releases large amounts of greenhouse gases CO and CO2 in the process. In Europe, steelmakers capture these by-product gases, transforming them into electricity and useful heat. But then the CO2 is released into the atmosphere.

    That makes integrated steel plants a key area for decarbonisation. Big steelmaker ArcelorMittal Belgium is implementing a first of its kind, innovative technology at a scale and complexity that doesn’t exist anywhere in the world yet. The project is in line with ArcelorMittal Europe’s carbon emissions reduction roadmap, which targets a 30% reduction by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2050.

    The installation captures the CO- and CO2-rich off-gases emitted from the blast furnace and transforms them into ethanol through a gas fermentation process that uses microbes (Carbalyst® project). This technology was developed by the US firm LanzaTech, with which ArcelorMittal has partnered for a decade.

    There’s a second step to the project, too. Since carbon is currently used as an input to the blast furnace in the form of fossil coal, the company intends to partly replace this fossil carbon with waste wood that has been treated to become bio-coal (Torero project). This substitution of fossil coal by a circular carbon is already a step towards the green transition.

    Here’s why industry needs to go green. From our award-winning climate podcast.

    As a material producer, we believe that we must focus on circular economy and develop ‘cradle to cradle’ processes which use less primary resources and enable us to reduce the carbon emissions.
    Carl De Maré

    Head of technology strategy, ArcelorMittal Group

    What’s better than recycled carbon? Recycled and green carbon

    This investment protects existing jobs by keeping the steel industry in Europe
    Marc Tonteling

    Engineer, European Investment Bank.

    The project is economically viable because there is a large demand for ethanol, which is also easier to store and transport than electricity. Ethanol has many different applications. It can be used as fuel, blended with gasoline. It can also be converted into ethylene, a basic component of the plastics manufacturing process, thus contributing to the circular economy.

    “This investment protects existing jobs by keeping the steel industry in Europe, where we need highly skilled people to design and operate these plants,” says Marc Tonteling, an engineer at the European Investment Bank.

    With the combination of two innovative processes, the company targets the production of 80 million litres of bio ethanol, equivalent to the fuel used by 600 flights between New York and London. ArcelorMittal estimates the CO2 savings to be equal to the yearly emissions of 350 000 cars.

    “I liked the enthusiasm and commitment of the people in Ghent, who want to make this project work,” Tonteling says. “We are taking a technological risk, but we want to support the industry, and if this is successful, it can lead to a more generalized production of circular carbon products as bio coal, recycled carbon fuels, bio ethanol and many others.”

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